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Labour Law (General principles and documents)

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Thailand labour (labor) law

Labour law is a vast area of law and addresses all the laws and regulations concerning employment. Among other things, labour law regulates unions, labour standards, minimum wage, firing, termination, workman’s compensation, etc.

Most employers are tied to their employees by written contract. These contracts may contain unfair trading clauses, a probation clause or other clauses concerning raises or vacation and holidays, back to work clauses, etc. Discrimination and/or harassement are also regulated.

International Law related to Thailand and Labour Law:

Thailand has been one of the founding member countries of ILO since 1919. Thailand andILO’s Conventions Ratified by Thai Government
Below are 13 Conventions that theThai Government had given ratification.

Convention 14 Weekly Rest (Industry) Convention, 1921: Convention concerning the Application of the Weekly Rest in Industrial Undertaking.
Convention 19 Equality of Treatment (Accident and Compensation) Convention, 1925: Convention concerning Equality of Treatment for National and Foreign Workers as regards Workmen’s Compensation for Accidents.
Convention 29 Forced Labour Convention, 1930: Convention concerning Forced or Compulsory Labour.
Convention 80 Final Articles Revision Convention, 1946: Convention concerning the Partial Revision of the Conventions.
Convention 88 Employment Service Convention, 1948: Convention concerning the Organisation of the Employment Service.
Convention 100 Equal Remuneration Convention, 1951: Convention concerning Equal remuneration for Men and Women Workers for Work of Equal Value.
Convention 104 Abolition of Penal Sanctions (Indigenous Workers) Convention, 1955: Convention concerning the Abolition of Penal Sanctions for Breaches of Contract of Employment by Indigeneous Workers.
Convention 105 Abolition of Forced Labour Convention , 1957: Convention concerning the Abolition of Forced Labour.
Convention 116 Final Articles Revision Convention, 1961: Convention concerning the Partial Revision of the Conventions.
Convention 122 Employment Policy Convention, 1964: Convention concerning Employment Policy.
Convention 123 Minimum Age (Underground Work) Convention, 1965: Convention concerning the Minimum Age for Admission to Employment Underground in Mines.
Convention 127 Maximum Weight Convention, 1967: Convention concerning the Maximum Permissible Weight to Be Carried by One Worker.
Convention 138 Minimum Age Convention, 1973 : Convention concerning Minimum Age for Admission Employment
Convention 182 Worst Form of Child Labour Convention, 1999: Convention concerning the Prohibition and Immediate Action for the Elimination of the Worst Form of Child Labour.

On 17 November 2000, the Cabinet of the Royal Thai Government decided to give consent for ratification of Convention 182, which is the Worst Form of Child Labour Convention, 1999 concerning the prohibition and immediate action for the elimination of the worst form of child labour. This is the 13th Convention that the Thai Government had ratified. Registration of this ratification was done on 16 February 2001.

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